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Book Book

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Russian School
Entry into Jerusalem, c.19th century
Tempera and gilding on panel
31cm x 26cm
Loaned by the University of Liverpool Museum and Galleries
Entry into Jerusalem
Christ’s entry into Jerusalem is celebrated on Palm Sunday. This version of the subject was current in both Byzantine and Western medieval art. It is both a description of an event and a symbol of Christ’s entry into the Kingdom of God. In both cases it is a triumph, and the icon is a joyful one. Christ rides on a white donkey, a group of Apostles behind him, a group of Jews bearing palms coming out of Jerusalem to greet him. Above and below are children throwing down palm leaves and garments for him to tread on. The children are symbolic of those who received Christ with innocence, unlike their elders, who expected Him to destroy their enemies in this World. The palms are the greeting for heroes in the Jewish world, and the garments indicate that He is an anointed king.
(Text from booklet: Icons presented by Professor Robert Roaf FRCS in the University of Liverpool Gallery, 1986)
The Roaf Icon Collection
The icons were donated to Liverpool University by Professor Robert Roaf who was Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University from 1964 to July 1976. After graduating from Oxford in 1934, with a first class honours degree in physiology, he qualified in medicine in 1937. In 1939 he was admitted as a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in Edinburgh, in 1942 of the Royal College of Surgeons in England, and in 1946 he achieved the Mastership in Orthopaedic Surgery. Professor Roaf showed academic interest in his subject very early, and this was recognised by his appointment in the University as part-time lecturer in 1947, and in 1955 as Director of Clinical Studies and Research at the Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital in Oswestry. He held appointments as consultant orthopaedic surgeon not only to the Liverpool Teaching Hospital, but also to several hospitals in the Region. His research work on spinal deformities gained him international recognition, and he travelled widely, teaching and demonstrating over the Indian Sub-Continent and Africa as well as in Europe, America, Russia, South East Asia and China. He was consulted at a national level on orthopaedic problems, and was a member of the Central Accident Services Review Committee set up by the National Health Service. Professor Roaf was also a Member of the General Medical Council and from 1971-74 was Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the University.
(Taken from the Liverpool University biographical records)